Constrained Municipal Services and Citizen Satisfaction Amidst Rapid UrbanizationCity Municipal corporations are responsible for the Planning, implementation, and maintenance of the essential civic services. These services include sanitation, maintenance of public facilities, solid waste management, and optionally utilities as water supply for the city’s residents. Depending on the size and scale of the city, the levels of complexity, expenditure and systems to dispense these services may vary. Essentially, the effectiveness of these services determines the quality of life for the city dwellers. It plays a key part in providing complete support to every individual to conduct their daily life activities without any hindrance. Modern times have seen an extensive migration of people from rural areas to cities/towns searching for better livelihood opportunities. This has resulted in unprecedented pressure on the conditionally planned civic infrastructure and municipality maintenance resources. Cities therefore witness unanticipated problems linked to population explosion such as unplanned construction, chocking of drains leading to waterlogging, unhygienic open sewage systems due to maintenance huddles. Similarly, exponential growth in personal vehicles leads to unmanaged transportation and road development systems causing traffic congestion, unplanned urbanisation, scarcity of housing space, etc. The impact cascades to other variables such as the Air Quality Index, road safety, public facilities, etc.
Glimpse of projects where municipal corporations implement various successful strategies include:
- Effective Urban Planning with an objective to design a plan considering the urban population growth.
- Creating a plan under Citizen Engagement involving common people in terms of obtaining feedback, reporting issues, and preparing decision-making policies.
- Designing effective projects under the Public-private partnerships plan where the private sector works under the supervision of government bodies to improve efficiency.
- Follow an effective strategy of Data-driven decision-making where municipalities take decisions based on feedback and market research reports.